Harold A. Abramson
Ross Ashby
Gregory Bateson
Alex Bavelas
(Social Psychologist)
Julian Bigelow
(Computer Engineer)
Gerhardt von Bonin
Henry Brosin
Heinz von Foerster
(Electrical Engineer)
Lawrence K. Frank
(Social Scientist)
Frank Fremont-Smith
(Medical Director of the Macy Foundation)
Ralph W. Gerard
Molly Harrower
Heinrich Klüver
Lawrence S. Kubie
Paul F. Lazarsfeld
Kurt Lewin
Rafael Lorente De No
Donald G. Marquis
Warren S. McCulloch
Margaret Mead
John von Neumann
Filmer S. C. Northrop
Walter Pitts
(Mathematician and Logician)
Arturo Rosenblueth
Leonard J. Savage
(Mathematician and Statistician)
Theodore Schneirla
(Comparative Psychologist)
Claude E. Shannon
(Mathematician and Electronic Engineer)
Hans Lukas Teuber
Norbert Wiener

Evolving out of the militaristic economy of capitalist patriarchy in the aftermath of WWII, the Macy Conferences (1942 and 1946-1953) sought to generate new connections between engineering, biology, mathematics, psychology, psychiatry, and all the social sciences.

Sponsored by the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation in New York, the Macy conferences attendees developed and disseminated the idea of cybernetics - the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine, in society and in individual human beings - as a model of understanding and controlling the world.

Macy Conferences attendees consisted of mathematicians, scientists, engineers and leading figures of post-war social science, some of whom had contributed to the construction and use of nuclear weapons, some of whom went on to carry out CIA funded military research into the psychological effects of LSD and its potential as a tool for interrogation and psychological manipulation in such projects as the CIA's MKULTRA program and others who took ethical positions and subsequently rejected military funding of their work.


For further information see: American Society for Cybernetics