out of the militaristic economy of capitalist patriarchy in
the aftermath of WWII, the Macy Conferences (1942 and 1946-1953)
sought to generate new connections between engineering, biology,
mathematics, psychology, psychiatry, and all the social sciences.
by the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation in New York, the Macy conferences
attendees developed and disseminated the idea of cybernetics
- the science of control and communication in the animal and
the machine, in society and in individual human beings - as
a model of understanding and controlling the world.
Conferences attendees consisted of mathematicians, scientists,
engineers and leading figures of post-war social science,
some of whom had contributed to the construction and use of
nuclear weapons, some of whom went on to carry out CIA funded
military research into the psychological effects of LSD and
its potential as a tool for interrogation and psychological
manipulation in such projects as the CIA's MKULTRA program
and others who took ethical positions and subsequently rejected
military funding of their work.